Hugues-Félicité Robert de Lamennais (or De La Mennais) was a French cleric, philosopher, and author. Deshayes obtained a house in Ploërmel, which became their motherhouse in 1824.[6]. Secretary General : Mr. Jean DAMBREVILLE. Hugues Félicité Robert de Lamennais (19. června 1782, Saint-Malo, Bretaň – 27. února 1854, Paříž) byl francouzský kněz, spisovatel, filosof a politický i sociální reformátor, předchůdce liberálního katolicismu a křesťanské demokracie. He was ordained a priest in 1816 and at first was a royalist and… Canon Jean-Marie-Robert de Lamennais (or de la Mennais) (1780–1860) was a Breton Catholic priest, and brother of the noted philosopher Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, whom he influenced in their youth.He was a leading figure in the revival of the Catholic Church in France after the French Revolution, involved in founding three religious institutes as part of this effort. Publication of the paper was suspended in November 1831, and after a vain appeal to the pope its principles were condemned in the encyclical Mirari Vos (August 1832). He was then appointed by the Bishop of Saint-Brieuc, Jean-Baptiste de Caffarelli du Falga, as Vicar General for the diocese. In response to this, the two priests began to recruit men to commit themselves to this life as part of a religious community. Their motherhouse is in Rennes.[4]. In November 1816, under the guidance of Lamennais, three young women formed a religious community dedicated to the education of the local youth and the care of orphans. He was one of the most influential intellectuals of Restoration France. [8], After the death of Deshayes, Lamennais became the full-time Superior of the Brothers, and lived at the motherhouse. The Reign of Terror came to Brittany in December 1793. Father de Lamennais became sole head of the Brothers of Britain. Soon after this, disillusioned with the failure of his vision, his brother Félicité withdrew to the family estate of La Chênaie. In 1807, upon the death of the rector, the College of Saint-Malo was converted into a minor seminary and the Lamennais brothers both joined the faculty of the school. The Very Rev. Together the brothers wrote two major works, Reflections on the State of the Church in France in the 18th century and Its Current Situation and The Tradition of the Church on the Institution of Bishops, which they published anonymously in Paris in 1808. France’s bishops, offended by de Lamennais’ independence, asked the pope to examine his writings, but Rome’s Theologians found his writings to be quite orthodox; and Pope Leo XII even invited him to join his staff in Rome. By ffollowing him, our goal is to be attentive to young people, to live brotherhood, to support or to work on education in all its dimensions, to live in Christ. . (1782 1854) writer, thinker A philosopher who attempted to combine political and theological liberalism, Félicité de Lamennais (or La Mennais) was born in Saint Malo. (1808; “Reflections on the State of the Church. The women were allowed to make private vows on Christmas Day 1818, and, after doing a canonical novitiate, they made religious profession on the Feast of the Assumption 15 August 1819 and were formally established as a congregation of Religious Sisters in 1821 called the Daughters of Providence. [9], In 1897 the Sisters established their first overseas mission in Canada, later followed by a school in England in 1903. Lamennais learned of the establishment of a small group of Religious Brothers by the Abbé Gabriel Deshayes (1767-1841), pastor of Auray and Vicar General of the Diocese of Vannes. LAMENNAIS ADB | 22 followers on LinkedIn. Tome 67, numéro 2, 1960. pp. The books urged a religious revival in the nation with an active role by the clergy. He initially sought the help of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, founded by John Baptist de la Salle to educate poor boys. Let us participate on line in the Office of November 26, Father de la Mennais’ Day, in Ploërmel, in the chapel of the Mother House, near his tomb, at 18:30, French time ... Michel Tanguy - Fr. Though an advocate of ultramontanism in the religious sphere, Lamennais in his political beliefs was a liberal who advocated the separation of church and state and the freedoms of conscience, education, and the press. Genre/Form: Church history: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sevrin, Ernest. Lamennais or La Mennais, Félicité Robert de (fālēsētā` rōbĕr` də lämənā`), 1782–1854, French Roman Catholic apologist and liberal, b.Saint-Malo. Hugues F é licit é Robert de Lamennais, the French ecclesiastic and philosopher, was born in Saint-Malo, Brittany, and died in Paris. He was the first proponent of liberal Catholicism and an early advocate of social Catholicism. 537 likes. Félicité Robert de Lamennais. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Abstract. Media in category "Félicité Robert de Lamennais" The following 31 files are in this category, out of 31 total. Page officielle des Frères de l'Instruction Chrétienne et Famille Mennaisienne He retired after Louis-Napoleon’s coup d’état in 1851. One prelate, Bishop John Dubois, S.S., of New York, was so impressed by Lamennais' dedication and capability after receiving help from him, that he appointed him Vicar General for his own diocese in the United States.[3]. The following year Lamennais helped the former rector of a secondary school previously run by the Church, closed by the Revolution, to re-open the institution. The whole first half of the century is marked by attempts to reconcile religious faith, and the hierarchies it supported, with the legacy of the Enlightenment…, …a religious reformer and polemist, Félicité Robert de Lamennais, to whom for a time he looked for religious guidance. He is with Corneille one of those who translated the anonymous work The Imitation of … He brought them into his own home and provided them a basic education. The first recruits received their canonical training from the Brothers of the Christian Schools. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Felicite-Lamennais, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Felicite Robert de Lamennais, “Essai sur l’indifférence en matière de religion”, “Des progrès de la révolution et de la guerre contre l’Église”. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Five years later, at the height of Napoleon’s conflict with the papacy, they produced a defense of ultramontanism (a movement supporting papal authority and centralization of the church, in contrast to Gallicanism, which advocated the restriction of papal power). Félicité de Lamennais is a French priest, writer, philosopher and politician. Lamennais was then the spiritual adviser of the wife of Victor Hugo, Adèle, with whom Sainte-Beuve in 1831 struck up a lasting but seemingly platonic relationship of great intensity. 600 likes. Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. They agreed to cooperate and, to this end, they signed an agreement on 6 June 1819 to provide their people teachers of "solid piety". Pope Paul VI proclaimed him to be Venerable in 1966 and his cause of canonization is ongoing. Thenceforth Lamennais devoted himself to the cause of the people and put his pen at the service of republicanism and socialism. His eventual advocacy of a conciliation between Catholicism and liberalism led to a rupture with the church. He and his elder brother, Jean, early conceived the idea of a revival of Roman Catholicism as the key to social regeneration. Bibliothèque nationale de France ID: 12153145m IdRef ID: 030032784 National Diet Library ID: 00620962 Open Library ID: OL6452025A Biblioteca Nacional de España ID: XX991165 Nationale Thesaurus voor Auteurs ID: 089574702 [6], With the arrival of the new bishop, Lamennais was able to direct more of his energies to this project. The following year they published a translation of the work of the noted 16th-century spiritual writer, the Benedictine Abbot Louis de Blois.[1]. Renan juge de Lamennais. Lamennais received the tonsure in 1809 but was not ordained a priest until 1816. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lamennais was also concerned about the needs of the young boys in his diocese, and sought teachers for them. Soon the men recruited by Jean-Marie asked to be incorporated into that community. Be warned. He submitted Projet de constitution de la république française (1848) but a little group of radical politicians whose responsibility was the result of bargaining, compromise or pressure, were not prepared to build Jerusalem in France’s green and pleasant land. LAMENNAIS, Félicité Robert de (1782–1854), French religious and political author.He was a member of a well-to-do family of St-Malo. Lamennais, Hugues-Felicité Robert de (1782-1854), the leading Catholic thinker of Restoration France. At the time of Lamennais' death, there were some 200 members living in nine communities. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Jean-Marie de Lamennais".Found in 0 ms. Five novices follow Father de Lamennais in St Brieuc and 5 others remain in Auray, under the direction of F. Ambrose. Hugues Félicité Robert de Lamennais. He wrote such works as Le Livre du peuple (1838; “The Book of the People”), and he served in the Constituent Assembly after the Revolution of 1848. In this book he argued for the necessity of religion, basing his appeals on the authority of tradition and the general reason of mankind rather than on the individualism of private judgment. He was converted (1804) to active Catholicism and resolved to serve the church. Félicité de Lamennais, a Roman Catholic priest, moved toward a Christian socialism that ultimately estranged him from the church. The seminary which he had helped to found, however, was closed in 1812 due to an imperial decree of the previous year affecting Church instruction in the Empire. They come from many sources and are not checked. Updates? As of the early 21st century, they had schools in Europe, Africa, North and South America and in Asia. He led parish missions throughout the diocese. Lamennais was born at Saint-Malo, then in the ancient Province of Brittany, on 8 September 1780, the son of Robert de Lamennais, a wealthy merchant who had recently received a coat of arms from the king, and Marie des Saudrais. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Peter N. Stearns, Priest and Revolutionary: Lamennais and the Dilemma of French Catholicism (1967), a perceptive portrait, is the best book on Lamennais in English. For this, he worked in the establishment of two religious congregations in the region. 15 Rue Lamennais Directions {{::location.tagLine.value.text}} Sponsored Topics. 1o: "Le mennaisisme et les grands romantiques, " 529-614 (the identical book sometimes carries a different title: Le renouvellement de la pensie religieuse en France de 1824 a I834: Essai sur les origines et la signification du mennaisisme, 117-122 The community was then allowed to make religious vows by the Bishop of Rennes and became the Congregation of St. Peter. At the same time, the family business had suffered from the blockade of France, enforced by Great Britain as part of the Napoleonic Wars, to such an extent that it went bankrupt and he was required to oversee the legal process of the liquidation of the family estate. In: Annales de Bretagne. After the arrival of a new bishop for Saint-Brieuc in October 1819, Lamennais was appointed as Vicar General of that diocese. View detailed information and reviews for 15 Rue Lamennais in Paris, and get driving directions with road conditions and live traffic updates along the way. Having returned to Paris, Lamennais was ordained a priest in 1816, and in the following year he published the first volume of his Essai sur l’indifférence en matière de religion (“Essay on Indifference Toward Religion”), which won him immediate fame. [7] It ceased to exist with the dissociation of religious orders in France. Félicité Lamennais, in full Hugues-Félicité-Robert de Lamennais, (born June 19, 1782, Saint-Malo, France—died Feb. 27, 1854, Paris), French priest and philosophical and political writer who attempted to combine political liberalism with Roman Catholicism after the French Revolution.A brilliant writer, he was an influential but controversial figure in the history of the church in France. He was five years old when his mother died, and as a result, he and his younger brother were sent for education to an uncle, Robert des Saudrais, at La Chênaie, an estate near Saint-Malo. Many of…. Les Progrès de la revolution et de la guerre contre l'église (1828) marked his complete renunciation of royalist principles and from that time on he advocated on behalf of a theocratic democracy. A brilliant writer, he was an influential but controversial figure in the history of the church in France. Hugues-Félicité Robert de Lamennais (or de la Mennais) (19 June 1782 - 27 February 1854), was a French Catholic priest, philosopher, and political theorist. In 1810 Lamennais was named a canon of the cathedral of Rennes. His father, Pierre Robert de Lamennais (or La Mennais), was a respectable merchant of Saint-Malo, ennobled by Louis XVI at the request of the Estates of Brittany in acknowledgment of his patriotic devotion. 25 PHOTOS OF THE MENNAISIAN WEEK. Page officielle des Frères de l'Instruction Chrétienne - La Mennais - et Famille Mennaisienne Lamennais, ses amis, et le mouvement des idees a l'tpoque romantique, I824-1834 (Paris, 1962), esp. Showing page 1. While still a child he r ead widely, esp. They defended the Holy See as the true authority over the Catholic Church in France. Lamennais was born to a bourgeois family whose liberal sympathies had been chastened by the French Revolution. He immediately became active in supporting the faith of the people of the diocese, supporting the re-establishment of religious communities and schools, and reforming the seminaries of the region. He was largely self-educated by wide, indiscriminate reading. We are the heirs of Jean-Marie de la Mennais. During the period of the Revolution, the family sheltered non-juring priests who would lead Mass secretly in their home in the middle of the night. 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