ADVERTISEMENTS: Here we detail about the top seven most powerful Mughal Emperors of India. To begin, the Mughal Empire ruled over India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. Akbar’s son Jahāngīr (reigned 1605–27) continued both his father’s administrative system and his tolerant policy toward Hinduism and thus proved to be a fairly successful ruler. Unit-12 Political Ideas and Institutions.pdf. Map of Mughal empire in India circa 1680, 17th century. Jahāngīr’s tolerant and enlightened rule stood in marked contrast to the Muslim religious bigotry displayed by his more orthodox successor, Aurangzeb (reigned 1658–1707). Jahangir 6. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mughal-dynasty, HistoryWorld - History of the Moghul Empire, Mughal Empire - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Mughal Empire - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Shah Jahan 7. The Ilyas Shah dynasty was created in Bengal in 1338, during another period of Delhi Sultanate weakness, and had its capitals at the cities of Gour and Pandua, located in West Bengal some 250 miles to the north of now Calcutta. Below is a complete timeline of the Mughal Dynasty emperors. The Mughal Empire can trace its lineage to two of history’s most powerful rulers. Although this was an Islamic empire, the Mughals tolerated other religions even as they spread Muslim art, faith, and culture. Although the Mongol-Timurid legacy influenced the Ottoman and Ṣafavid states, it had its most direct impact on Bābur (1483–1530), the adventurer’s adventurer and founder of the third major empire of the period. Although Babur was born in Ferghana (in modern day Uzbekistan), it was the accomplishments of direct ancestor, Timur, that inspired him to head south to invade the Indian subcontinent. The following year he overwhelmed the Rajput confederacy under Rana Sanga of Mewar, and in 1529 he defeated the Afghans of what are now eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar states. Facts about Mughal Empire : Mughal Architecture. Under his rule, the empire continued to prosper economically and in religious harmony. The Mughal Empire had become too large to be controlled by any ruler from one centre i.e. Relationship with Central Asia and Persia.pdf. When Zafar came to the throne in 1837, his rule extended only to Delhi and its surroundings. Sher Shah 4. The Emperors are: 1. Ousted from his ancestral domain in Central Asia, Bābur turned to India to satisfy his appetite for conquest. the Mughal Empire. Unfortunately he died after falling down some stairs. {{filterDisplayName(filter)}} Duration Akbar 5. Mughal (mo͞ogŭl`) or Mogul (mō`gəl, mōgŭl`), Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. Gradually, the company gained more and more power within India. Babur founded The Mughal dynasty by defeating Ibrahim Shah Lodhi, the ruler of Delhi, at the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. Getty Images offers exclusive rights-ready and premium royalty-free analog, HD, and 4K video of the highest quality. The Mughal Empire dominated India politically, culturally, socially, economically and environmentally, from its foundation by Babur, a Central Asian adventurer, in 1526 to the final trial and exile of the last emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar at the hands of the British in 1858. akbar the great (1542-1605), indian mughal, wood engraving, published 1893 - mughal empire stock illustrations agra fort, constructed by mogul emperor akbar - mughal empire stock illustrations arrest of bahadur shah ii - mughal empire stock illustrations He was killed by his brother, Shah Jahan. 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