Commonly that includes trees, shrubs as well as vines. The ficus bonsai tree is one type of bonsai tree and one I find totally amazing. This can help to keep your growing indoor tree to a reasonable height. Several types of ficus trees grow outdoors or as houseplants. To keep a Weeping fig healthy, you should water it once a week so that the soil is moist. The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. The only reason to trim a ficus tree that grows outdoors is to encourage new growth or to create an attractive hedge. Other Names: Ficus callescens, Ficus nyanzensis, Ficus rhynchocarpa, Ficus rederi, River’s Gift. Upon unfurling, they display different shades of red which makes the tree look absolutely stunning. The tree commonly called a fig tree (Ficus carica) is a Mediterranean native that grows 10 to 20 feet tall and equally wide. This species of Ficus is native to Western Asia and the Middle East where these trees grow up to heights of 10 feet to 30 feet. Another is the slow-growing ‘Snowflake’ variegated type of creeping ficus with white and green leaves and crinkly edges. Gender. Oval, dense leaves of saturated green color with a smooth surface of leathery skin sit on short … Water. Description. Because these plants like to grow in free-drained soils, they can bear dry spells as well. The genus Ficus – fig trees – represents a totally unique plant section.And this owes both to the botanical as well as to the biological and ecological characteristics of most of its species. Ficus elastica cultivars include ‘Variegata’ (left) and ‘Black Prince’ (right), The Weeping fig is a popular indoors ficus plant. The F. pumila is a drought tolerant species. Age group. It develops into a small tree with oversized leaves. If grown in favorable conditions, these trees can grow over 100 feet tall in length. If the tree isn't treated, it will probably die. This type of ficus has large green leaves and is a stunning indoor specimen plant. They are able to do this by a process called parthenocarpy. The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. Fig trees are popular for their unusual pollination process. It produces edible sweet fruits, which are among the figs you might find at a grocery store or farmers market. Ficus elastica ‘Decora’: This variety grows dark green leaves that are thick and glossy. It is a hybrid bred for growing in pots indoors. These wasps crawl inside the fruit through a narrow hole and lose their wings in the process, forcing them to remain inside and eventually die. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. Common Fig. Ficus trees are a common plant in the home and office, mainly because they look like a typical tree with a single trunk and a spreading canopy. They tend to shed off their leaves whenever they are moved to another position or in an unfavorable habitat. This species of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a height of around 6.5 ft. (2 m). Search within Editor's Choice. Extended licenses. Because the Indian Laurel needs a warm humid environment, cultivars of the Ficus microcarpa are popular as houseplants. They thrive in semi-arid, warm climates. Also native to India, this plant grows to enormous heights in the wild, and the sap produced by the plant can actually be used to make low-grade rubber. With proper nourishment, African fig can grow up to a tall height of 5-6 feet … You will find hundreds of types of ficus as you begin searching for plants, but the best species for bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. The distinctive feature of the Sacred fig is its heart-shaped leaves. These long drooping leaves make an attractive feature of this plant. There should be enough holes in the pot to allow excess water to drain. Trees of the same species are regarded as Ashvattha or the “world’s tree” in Hinduism. It is also good to remember that some of these varieties of ficus trees make good indoor plants. The Mistletoe fig is a type of shrub with spreading nature. In gеnеrаl, mоѕt vаrіеtіеѕ оf ficus рlаntѕ аrе еаѕу tо care fоr. Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. Most ficus tree varieties prefer medium moisture soils in partly shady to fully sunny locations. The leaves of these trees are initially curled up. You can find them in many different textures and heights, but weeping figs are among the most popular indoor trees. Ficus trees are known for their intensive root structures. The Fiddle-Leaf fig is a slow-growing ficus tree that can be grown as a house plant. It grows up to 3 metres tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for … The long spindly stems or trunks can be braided or pleated to form an attractive indoor ficus tree plant. This type of Ficus tree is actually a cross of different types of Ficus trees that originally came from an Asian tropical forest. The Ficus macrophylal, like the F. benghalensis tree, too is a strangler tree. People. Ficus benjamina is the most famous out of all the other Ficus tree kinds. This is the fig that most people find in most houseplant stores. When the Fiddle-leaf grows outdoors it can reach heights of 50 ft. (15 m) and has a large bushy appearance. Although the fig tree is now widely grown globally, for both its delicious fruit as well as a decorative plant, it is still commercially grown mostly in its native areas. As with many types of indoor ficus plants, moving its position and drafts can stress Weeping fig plant. The tree features small, shiny, emerald-colored leaves. It should be placed in indirect sunlight and the soil should be kept moist. In fact, it can reach as tall as 13 feet (4 meters). During warm months, you should water your ficus once a week. They are also used in creating bonsai. Nearly all indoor plants from the Ficus genus require plenty of light. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) is a type of woody creeping ficus vine that grows just as well indoors as it does outdoors. Types. Soil. Pruning. For example, the ‘Starlight’ Weeping fig is a cultivar of the ‘Weeping fig’ and is a bushy type of tree plant that has small white and green leaves. As an outdoor tree, ficus plants can be large banyan trees, fig trees, or laurel trees. Resolution. When grown in favorable habitats, these plants can grow to a significant size and spread to quite an area providing shade for those in need. Also, you may want to grow them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks. Various types of ficus trees grow well in the United States (U.S.). While it is not possible to discuss each type at length in this article, we have curated a list of all the common and important types of Ficus trees. Belonging to the genus Ficus, this tree was first cultivated in the eastern Mediterranean region and in western Asia almost 5,000 years ago. This type of ficus has thick waxy leaves and in a nice oval shape. The Ficus or fig tree has been highly sought after and grown since ancient times. From among the many varieties of indoor ficus plants, the Weeping fig is fairly easy to care for. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Ficus Tree Identification. 9 Different Types of Ficus Trees (Plus Essential Facts). Ficus benjamina trees are commonly known as weeping trees because of their shedding leaves. Types of Fig Trees Adriatic Fig Tree. The F. carica is very rich in vitamins and minerals, which is why most of the people choose to eat its fruit not fresh but dried. The Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’: This is a hardy variety of the rubber tree plant that grows large, leathery green leaves. Species of Ficus, such as the sacred fig trees of Pipal, Bodhi, Ficus religiosa, and the banyan fig have long been considered as holy trees. Whether gnarled bonsai or shrub with giant leaves, take your pick! Many Ficus produce figs. With a proper care, this type of outdoor ficus tree can become a delightful ornamental tree in a garden or yard. The fruits typically measure around four inches in … The best kind of soil for your indoor ficus plants to grow in is loamy soil that drains well. This plant has a trunk that curves in an s-shape along with deep, dark green leaves that are oval-shaped. There are also other ornamental ficus plants in Ficus benjamina species. Its fruit is also used as a dry food staple in places where food is either scarce or difficult to find in the winters. People . Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. Ficus benjamina, the most famous. Ficus trees also hold great importance in Buddhism and Hinduism. The figs on it are light green skinned and have pink flesh when they are fresh. The F.elastica can grow as tall as 130 feet (40 meters) and features large, polished leaves that sometimes sport the same blotches as F. banjamina. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. However, it is sensitive to environmental changes and is best placed away from vents and drafts. Its vine can thrive in hot and arid habitats with little or even no water. Compared to other types of indoor ficus plants, the Narrow Leaf fig is relatively easy to care for. The Rubber plant (Ficus elastica), or Rubber tree, is a very popular species of leafy indoor plant from the ficus genus. The distinctive features of the Creeping fig are its small heart-shaped leaves and fast climbing growth. Soil and watering. Surprisingly, there are more than 800 varieties of Ficus plants in the world. The Indian Laurel is a ficus tree that needs a warm humid environment. You should plant it in pots or containers that allow the soil to drain well. The F. benghalensis trees have the tendency to grow to significant heights. Here are the most popular types of rubber tree plants to grow at home and the characteristics that set them apart. Many are grown as houseplants or outdoors in their native regions. Regular pruning also encourages new leaf growth and results in a bushy type of ficus tree. You can also choose tree-type ficus plants to grow indoors as houseplants. The Ficus carica is normally known by its common name, which is the common fig. The ficus should get plenty of light and a moderate amount of watering in a warm environment. Culturally speaking, the Ficus fruit is a traditional yield of Israel and is named in the list of food that was found in the Promised Land, in accordance with the Torah. This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. In the right conditions, expect the plant to grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. These grow together to form a small shrub-like tree that is very decorative. This is a slow-growing ficus tree that grows into an ornamental house plant. Indigenous to Australia, these trees grow to astonishing heights, at times even over 200 feet in length. The reason why indoor ficus trees are so popular is that they are very versatile and suit a wide range of interior design needs. On the right is the variegated cultivar, A popular ficus plant for indoors is the Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) with its green shiny leaves and bushy appearance. The fruits start out green but mature to a deep purple with a soft, almost velvety exterior. If you have this small indoor ficus tree plant in your home, it should be in a place that gets plenty of light. Ficus elastica, the rubber fig, rubber bush, rubber tree, rubber plant, or Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia. One popular way to grow the Weeping fig is to braid its trunks. Older trees may grow fruit, but it … It is also a good idea to rotate the container regularly to encourage even growth. It is also one of the good luck plants according to the Feng Shui. The Ficus carica is the common fig tree and can be grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates. Climatically speaking, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for these trees. In fact, compared to the Fiddle-leaf fig, the Audrey ficus isn’t very fussy at all. Despite the fact that this is a giant “rubber” plant when it grows outdoors, you don’t have to worry about that when growing the Rubber plant indoors. Ficus elastica, more commonly known as a rubber tree, is one of the more well-known types of ficus.Its wide, dark green leaves and maroon veins make this plant a showstopper. This compact tree has very small leaves that are curled up. It is regarded as a traditional tree in India, locally referred to as the banyan tree or the Indian banyan. Also, at times, referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is in fact a twisting aerial root on which leaves grow directly and not really a tree or shrub. Top 7 Best Types of Ficus Trees To Grow 1. The following are the common types of ficus trees that you'll find at a nursery or gardening center: F. benjamina (the weeping fig) F. lyrata (the fiddle-leaf fig) F. sagittata (creeping fig) These trees will provide years of enjoyment when cared for properly. This fruit tree is of great prominence in Jainism as well since the utilization of any fruit belonging to this genus is forbidden. However, the thin woody stems can withstand plenty of pruning. Ficus elastica, more commonly known as a rubber tree, is one of the more well-known types of ficus. With your newly acquired knowledge of all the important types of Ficus trees, you can now go shopping for houseplants or even start looking for trees for a plant drive confidently. These leaves are large, pale green, and feature light veins running throughout. So, if planting in a container, make sure that water drains freely from the pot. Because their sugar content is really high, the figs grown on this tree are usually dried so they can be … But for all of their popularity, ficus plants are finicky. This is used as fodder in Nepal. When we talk about the width of the tree, certain subspecies of this category can spread out over a wide area that at times can reach up to several acres. Ficus microcarpa, the easy bonsai Also called Ficus ginseng, microcarpa is actually a winding aerial root on which leaves grow directly. Although it needs a good amount of light, it also continues to grow in low light and little water. Their branches form roots, which ultimately extend towards the ground and help the tree become independent. These broadleaf evergreen trees are characterized by unique-looking aerial roots and oval-shaped dark green leaves. The trees of this species feature vast and enormous, curving roots that grow above the surface, over the soil and can be easily seen. Bunut Bolong, Great huge tropical nature live green Ficus tree with tunnel arch of interwoven tree roots at the base for walking. Figs, otherwise known as Ficus, are an Asian species of flowering plants and are indigenous to parts of Asia and the Middle East. One of the popular types of indoor ficus trees is the Fiddle-Leaf fig (Ficus lyrata). Also, changes to its position may cause the leaves to fall off. This tree can even thrive in very little light and scarce water. These woody trees, vines, shrubs, and plants belong to the family Moraceae. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. This ficus tree also makes a good indoor houseplant. These members of the mulberry family have around 850 different species and grow on all kinds of plants; trees, shrubs, vines, bushes, as epiphytes, and even as hemi-epiphytes. This plant is mostly used as an ornamental piece. Regular pruning of this type of ficus tree in the winter and spring can help to keep its height to a manageable level. The Ficus genus counts hundreds of species, some of which are used to decorate homes indoors. Related: Types of Christmas Trees | Types of Mesquite Trees | Types of Redbud Trees | Types of Arborvitae Trees. The Ficus macrophylla specie is one of the biggest species of the Ficus trees genus. However, direct sunlight can burn ficus leaves and cause them to fall off. Characteristics of Ficus Daniella It has very thick, waxy, oval-shaped leaves. As surprising as it may sound, Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and it is still a species of the fig tree. Its wide, dark green leaves and maroon veins make this plant a showstopper. In general, most varieties of ficus plants are easy to care for. The spreading habit of ficus fig trees also provides good shelter in your garden. It grows best in free-drained soils. Ginseng Ficus (Ficus retusa) Bulgnn / Getty Images Ginseng ficus is considered to be an excellent species for beginner bonsai enthusiasts because it is a very hardy and forgiving tree. Another small type of ficus tree is the slow-growing ‘Too Little’ Weeping fig. Also native to India, this plant grows to enormous heights in the wild, and the sap produced by the plant can actually be used to make low-grade rubber. Ficus microcarp refers to small-leaved species. Safe Search . An introduction to Ficus trees . Moreover, the vines here grow to the amazing lengths of 15 feet to 20 feet. After pollinating, the fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp, thus developing into the fig. This fruit is of significant importance in the areas where it is cultivated for different reasons both culturally as well as religiously. Ficus Daniella is one of the cuter varieties of ficus trees. The brown turkey fig tree is a variety of the common fig tree (Ficus carica) and is a deciduous plant that can be grown as a small tree or shrub. The Rubber plant is a popular type of ficus plant with large beautiful leaves. Compared to other varieties of indoor and outdoor ficus trees, the Weeping fig has small leaves. The vines of this species often attach themselves to walls and pipes of buildings and can be very difficult to remove. Other Popular Type Of Ficus Trees Ficus Audrey – Ficus Benghalensis. All Photos Illustrations Videos Audio. Indoors, you can also grow the Creeping fig up a moss pole. Ficus trees (Ficus) belong to the Moraceae plant family. One sign that you are over-watering your ficus houseplant is if the leaves turn yellow. You can also increase humidity by misting the leaves regularly. Ficus Tree Stock Photos. Ficus species are sometimes called figs. Planted as an outdoor ficus tree, the Indian Laurel needs to grow in subtropical and tropical climates. In other parts of the world, the tree is also known as the strangler figs owing to their way of growing. Being easy to care for is one of the reasons why Audrey ficus plant is a good choice as a houseplant. Species of these trees range in both shade trees to a variety that quickly grows into a hedge for screening. The Rubber plant has large attractive leaves which can grow up to 12” (30 cm) long. Either small or large, 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m), its gnarly bearing looks quite like a miniature tree, which is particularly ornamental. The Mistletoe fig (Ficus deltoidea) is classed as a perennial variety of ficus that has thick waxy delta-shaped leaves. This plant is a small tree of 5–10 m (16–33 ft) high with numerous bristle-covered branches. Ficus Audrey is a selected Ficus Benghalensis variety, known for its fuzzy leaves. It is least resistant to fire, but likes good sunlight. However, if you wish, you can allow the Rubber plant to grow as high as 8 ft. (2.4 m) indoors. As with indoor ficus plants, a ficus tree growing outdoors needs loamy soil that drains well. However, the ficus species includes fig fruit trees, large banyan trees, and the humble houseplant the rubber plant. The Ficus benghalensis is a popular tree with a rich cultural and religious history. When we talk about the width of the plant, Ficus macrophylla trees cover a significant area due to the expansion of their leaves. What many people do not know, however, is whether these delectable fruits grow on trees, shrubs, bushes or vines. The plants and vines of this species are often used in gardening as ornamental plants, by being be trained and coiled around wireframes in order to create topiaries and pieces of horticultural art. The thin flexible trunks can also be trained to grow how you like them. And if you’re just planning to plant a tree so that you can enjoy its delectable fruit, then you need to know which one’s the best one to go for. However, if you know how to care for a ficus tree, you’ll be better equipped with keeping it healthy and happy in your home for years. It grows as much as 1½ feet (45 cm) in length. There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. The Ficus elastica ‘Black Prince’ has dark burgundy thick shiny leaves. This process allows the Ficus benghalensis trees to spread over and cover a large area. Scientific Name: Ficus carica The common fig tree, native to southeastern Europe and Western Asia, is the most popular species of fig tree when it comes to cultivating these plants for their edible fruits (Missouri Botanical Garden).Numerous varieties of common fig trees now exist, with varying care requirements, hardiness, and resulting fruits. As discussed earlier, the genus Ficus has around 850 species to its name, which means that the Ficus trees are of a lot of different types. Ethnicity. The F. congesta trees are locally called by names such as the congested fig trees, the Satterthwaite fig, and the red leafed figs. There are many types of ficus trees that make great houseplants and can also add greenery to your garden. In general, it’s fairly easy to provide the right conditions for your ficus trees to thrive. Content type. There are about 850 … Ficus microcarp (Ficus microcarpa) A sprawling, powerful tree in the photo is another popular room-like species of ficus. 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