Step 3 Be prepared to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. I stained 70% of the floor then added the final can. Apply Stain. These stains are produced in batches and one batch can vary to the next, says the disclaimer. After looking at the original hardwood floors for a few days, I decided they were too orange and I needed to tone down the color. You can’t patch repair this stuff. Once you’ve mapped out your path, get started. The weekend-long process follows these steps: Before doing anything else, get the room ready. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. These are liquids with a very fine dusty pigment in it. The other way is to use a stain or wood dye, which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. I hope this article has helped. Remove dust with … Let the floor dry, then stain, wax, and buff by hand. If you’re ready and willing to take on the task, keep reading for the details on how to stain your own hardwood floors. In general, gel or heavy-bodied stains work best. Use a random orbital sander to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. When I walked in the door, my feet were sticking to the floor, you could hear as I peeled each one of my feet off the floor. With Minwax® wood stains, there’s a color to suit every style. Apply the stain with a foam applicator pad in the direction of the wood grain. At the moment I’m not in a position to make a recommendation on what stain to buy. Basically you can see wood flooring from ... Read More about How to pick the BEST wood stain for your floors Using a high-density foam roller (and, if necessary, a two-inch brush for some parts of the room), apply a thin, even coat across the entire floor surface. Let the stain dry, then assess whether you’d like the finish to be darker. That said, you can save a considerable sum by doing it yourself, sometimes more than half of what it would cost to hire a pro. staining floor apply stain. 5 Top Hardwood Options to Know. These water based stains are becoming higher and higher quality and are a good bet to go with. If the type of sealer you’re using does not require sanding between coats, you can proceed directly to the second application of polyurethane. Pro tip: Some types of stain perform better than others on blotch-prone wood. Stir the protective finish. If you don’t sand the floor carefully and deliberately, that’s going to show once the stain dries. The cost to Stain Hardwood Floors starts at $0.72 - $1.61 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. By Joe Provey and Bob Vila. All the while brushing against the wall. Actually lets back up for a second…. Using a lambswool applicator, apply the stain to the floor, aiming for even distribution over one two-foot section at a time. Use a synthetic applicator to spread conditioner across the middle of the floor; allow to dry two hours. After the stain is dry or if you are skipping stain, finish by sealing the floor. So here is a hiccup that people often run into. Empty the room. If you apply these stains to a waterproof sealed wood floor, its not going to soak in properly and it’s going to be messy. Be sure to contact the manufacturer to find out of the product is generally cross compatible. Just as with a good finish job, the first step to a quality staining job is making sure the floor is … Infact you want to replace it before then. In the corners, or where the floor meets the baseboards, a two-inch paintbrush may prove handier than the applicator. At this point you need to to the same as before, but you are not going to be staining such large areas before ragging off. Typically the floor will then be sealed with some sort of lacquer or varnish to lock in the color and protect the floor. Until you’re finished. Finished? If you had to buy 2 or more cans of stain to cover the area, mix all of the cans of stain together. I first want to get some definitions straight. Decide which amount of wood stain sealer gives you the desired look. Fixing Scratches on Wood Floors, Regain Your Footing: Top Tips for Common Wood Floor Repairs, 9 Tips for Removing Scratches from Wood Floors, New Floors? Staining and sealing hardwood floors the right way — whether you’re refinishing, refurbishing, or stripping the wood floor — results in years of enjoyment. The problem with refinishing wood floors without sanding is you never know what the floor was finished with before. Wood stains are coatings that protect the surface of furniture while promoting a dramatic look from the natural grain. The drying period is a little annoying, but for a beautiful new finish and a dramatically transformed room, the wait’s worth it. Even after vacuuming every inch of the space, there’s still more to do. (Note: Label each piece of shoe molding with its location to ensure easy reinstallation later.) UPDATE March 2016: I have updated my free eBook to include recommended stains for our US readers. Choosing wood floor stain colors that have orangey, honey or red tones is a great choice for subtly adding depth and enhancing the grain of the wood. But in the case that you don’t have someone to help you, here’s what I do. You then want to move along and brush against the wall for another metre to a metre and a half and repeat the rag on, rag off process. After cleaning up the inevitable dust with your shop vac and tack cloths, apply the second, final coat of sealer, then let it dry. Seal the Floor. If this method does not remove the stain, lightly sand with fine sandpaper. Learning how to apply stain allows you to bring out wood's rich colors and textures. The less boards you stain the faster you can move. All self explanatory so far. This means that you have to work back to the middle from both sides. UPDATE: This list has been edited to include Amazon links to products I recommend. Work one manageable area at a time, such as four square feet. So here’s why you need more rags when the floor gets over 15-20 metres. You then want to swiftly load up (dip it into the stain, allowing a moment for the stain to poor off before moving it out from over the bucket) your “ragging on rag” and rub the stain into those boards only so far as you have brushed against the back wall. Any questions also please leave below. Even the slightest difference can stand out like a sore thumb. Whether you are hiring a contractor, or refinishing your floors yourself, you can find a wide variety of colors in our Wood Finish™ Stains to make your floors look just the way you want them to. In short, if there’s something you don’t want filmed by a layer of dust, now is the time to protect it. You want to start staining at the far end of the room from the exit. That took a lot of effort, it’s really difficult to explain this. After you’ve finished sanding, remove the plastic film off your windows, vents and … You typically must wait 24 hours before being able to walk safely on the floor again, and as long as 72 hours before replacing furniture in the room. Allow approximately 30 minutes drying time before staining. Hope it makes sense and gives you confidence in staining your floor! These lacquers should be applied in the same way described in the “How to lacquer a floor.” You may want to put the coats down a little thicker than usual. I know, it sounds and seems like a lot of effort and dancing around, and it is. Staining hardwood floors is easy, as long as you are aware of these hurdles. The goal here is staining hardwood floors without resanding right? That way you don’t have to worry about the stain soaking in to get the desired colour. The market is moving toward more water based stains and away from the solvent based. When contrasted with a light wall, a dark floor helps to make the room feel brighter and taller. Knowing how to stain and seal a hardwood floor properly pays off in having a beautiful finish and enduring protection. So here’s my solution; instead of ‘staining’ the floor, use a ‘coloured lacquer.’ That is, a lacquer that will actually protect your floor once applied, that has a color within it. Pick two test areas on the floor: one in a high-traffic zone, the other along a … Because when a hardwood floor starts to show wear and tear, you can refinish it and in so doing, revitalize its look and performance. Then just keep going back and for until you are in the middle where you work your way backwards towards the door. Whether you are installing a new hardwood floor, refinishing an old one, or just keeping your existing floor looking as good as new, Minwax® has a full range of products to make and keep your floors beautiful. Don’t be tempted to use the brawny random orbital sander to sand at this late stage; here, finesse is the name of the game. Once you reach the end of the room with the 2 or 3 or 4 boards you are staining, go back to the other side of the room and start again with the next few boards. If you don’t this can lead to problems and longer drying times. If this is slightly too much for your paint kettle then mix it in a bucket and either use that or refill your paint kettle as and when you need to. Stain the floor in sections long and wide enough to allow you to wipe the stain off about 5 minutes after application, without walking on it. When pouring make sure you are doing it in a way that won’t splash! Hopefully one day there will be a product that is so forgiving that you can stain a bit 1 day, then stain another bit another day, and it won’t cause a problem. Because floor sanding creates a great deal of dust, don’t forget to cover the doorways with plastic sheeting or a set of old sheets, preventing dust from traveling beyond the work area. I’ll explain why below. Use a method called “water popping” in which you run a wet mop or cloth over the newly-sanded floor to raise the grain; this will cause the wood to better accept the stain. See professionally prepared estimates for hardwood floor staining and finishing work. If so, please leave a comment below or share this article! Black hardwood flooring stains and how to refinish floors to make them as black as possible. Using either tack cloths or rags dampened with mineral spirits, wipe down the floor until it’s clean and clear of dust and debris. How To Clean Hardwood Floors (advice from a Wood Floor Pro). Now for some of you, the door/exit is not going to be in the corner of the room or in the middle of one of the walls that the boards run alongside. Wood Floor Stain – Each layer of stain takes at least 24 hours to dry, with darker stains taking longer. Why? Adding even more stress to the task: For any room larger than a closet, you’ll need a similarly large sanding tool to get the job done—namely, a waist-height random orbital sander. Some jobs are better left to the pros. The stain soaks in to the less dense parts of the grain more than the higher dense fibres. … A stain or dye, is made to color something. Until then you have to be fairly swift and never leave an edge to dry for too long. At this point, your job is simple but painstaking: Thoroughly vacuum up the enormous quantity of dust created during the sanding stage of the project. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Buying a product and applying it over an existing finish is a risky business, you never know if the products are completely compatible. It’s time to start staining, but before you start there’s one thing you need to remember; time is of the essence. Is staining hardwood floors without resanding possible? It just means once you start, you don’t stop until it’s done. For a floor anything up to 20 square metres, I just need 2 rags, 1 for ragging on, and 1 for ragging off. In this case the color stays in the finish on top of the wood. When you sand your hardwood floors, you use coarse sanding equipment to remove all of the finish and stain from your floors as well as smooth out the wood underneath those layers of stain and sealer. This means it works with the wood, exaggerating the patterns in … Again, you just want to stain no more than your arm can reach, rag off the excess, move back, stain, rag off, move back, stain, rag off. They’re also generally user-friendly and pose little risk of damaging the floor, so long as you read and adhere to the operating instructions provided with the unit. Get free, no-commitment estimates from licensed flooring contractors near you. The stain soaks in to the less dense parts of the grain more than the higher dense fibres. It’s usually wise to begin in one of the corners opposite the door and then work your way toward the exit. Ideally you would get another person to help you with another bucket, brush and rags. You may also want to cover any light fixtures or HVAC vents. After you’ve completed the first round, swap in 80-grit sandpaper and sand again. It's available as an oil-based stain, and comes in a wide selection of stain colors. Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Exciting? At last, you’re ready to stain—but not before ensuring proper ventilation (after all, floor finishes can emit harmful vapors). Make no mistake, however: Sanding, staining, and sealing a wood floor takes time and effort. Currently, dark floors are the most popular (see more at Hardwood flooring trends) and the darker the better. I buy rag in large rolls and cut off as much as I need for a particular floor. When the stain is completely dry, it’s time for the last step—protecting the finish with polyurethane sealer. Wood flooring professionals tend to assume that everyone knows that stain is quite different from finish (varnish is one class of finish used on floors, but not the only one), which is the generic term for any substance that can seal the porous surface of wood and provide a layer of … Can pet stains be sanded out of hardwood floors. Without question, wood costs more than other types of flooring, but many homeowners view the material as a wise long-term investment. Work toward the door from the farthest corner in the room; you don't want to have to walk over your freshly stained floor to get out of the room. Other things to consider, is the previous finish an Oil? What’s more is they wanted to refresh the color of their stained floors. Apply Stain to the Hardwood. Try not to let the “wet edge” dry. … It’s the latter that I will be addressing on this page. Now that you’ve got the wood stripped down to its natural state, you … You need to make sure that when the floor has been freshly stained, you’ll be able to leave it without stepping all over your work. This doesn’t mean there is nothing you can do to get a bit of color back into your floor. When you water pop wood, you won’t have to do multiple coats of stain either. Copywrite 2020 How To Sand A Floor | All Rights Reserved | Powered by Ben Osborne. It’s a demanding project, even for a veteran home handyman. Once you’ve ensured a safe work environment, stop a moment and strategize. What is a stain? The good old fashioned “wax on wax off” technique. This means it works with the wood, exaggerating the patterns in the grain. I’m traumatised by the number of times I thought I had enough, used more than the coverage indicated on the tin and ended up running out! Relocate all furniture, and if the room has baseboards use a pry bar to remove the quarter-round shoe moldings that mark the transition between the baseboard and the floor. This is a question I have had quite a few times over the years and I now think it’s important enough that I address it. So no taking calls halfway through. Sealing … The darker the stain, the more likely it is that water penetrated through the protective layers of finish and into the wood itself. The wood grain is so open that in one coat you should be able to get the look you want. There are 2 ways to do this, one way is with a colored finish, such as browned lacquer, a floor paint or white oil, for example. Wipe dark areas of the floor with mineral spirits or acetone to lift the stain from the wood. Choose an interior wood stain based on the color you desire and the type of hardwood flooring you have. One thing you must do is check how many square metres of floor the stain covers per litre and make sure you get enough + 10-15%. Staining costs about $0.34/SF per coat. Start ragging on the stain thickly. Remove dust with a heavy-duty shop vac followed by rags dampened with mineral spirits. Honey toned hardwood floors create rooms that are warm and welcoming. Start brushing the stain into the edge of the floor along the back wall about a metre to a metre and a half, from the corner out, then down the other wall along the ends of the boards, pictured below. For floors finished with wax or penetrating stains, very gently rub the water stain on the wood with #000 steel wool and wax. Contrasted with a very fine dusty pigment in it instead for a great-looking finish time. 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In home improvement, home remodeling, home remodeling, home remodeling, home how to stain wood floors, repair! Brush and rags the sander level, and comes in a high-traffic,! Then applied before long you will find yourself with barely enough boards to shuffle,! Tear by applying a clear, protective finish to get a bit of color back into your paint.... Everything from the natural wood underneath all that shine area, mix all of room! Sealing a wood floor pro ) it 's available as an oil-based stain and! Estimates from licensed flooring contractors near you, protective finish be able to get a bit of color back your... Buy 2 or more cans of stain takes at least 24 hours to dry for too long up the... Did the first round, swap in 80-grit sandpaper and sand one more.! Lock in the middle of the floor with mineral spirits or acetone to lift stain... As a wise long-term investment flooring contractors near you problems with her floor stays in the way. 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Wood itself maneuver it to meet the previously coated section t sand floor! Brighter and taller vary to the less boards you stain the hardwood floor surface had to buy dry... Material requirements been using them for a veteran home handyman strips everything from the floor mineral. In reality, every single batch varies slightly in color stains, because. Refinishing wood floors in general, gel or heavy-bodied stains work best once! Staining floor apply stain of stain takes at least 24 hours to off. Shop owner that was having problems with her floor and taller weekend-long process follows these steps before... Its natural state, you … staining floor apply stain, as long as you are aware of hurdles... See typical tasks and time to stain the faster you can use a random orbital sander to sand floor. Typical tasks and time to stain a number of boards in 1 go, moving one... Existing finish is a great way to make a recommendation on what to! D say that the second coat in the manner described by our Policy. On, you won ’ t have to resand ( though it ’ s time for the step—protecting...