The foliage is quite palatable to stock. [4] Cones are small, nearly round to elongated and about 10 millimetres (0.39 in) across. It is present in Hawai‘i, but not re-ported to be naturalized there. Coast she-oak In fact, it is widely used as an urban plant species, especially in climates where rainfall is usually low. The database and code is licensed under a Flowers are reddish-brown in the male and red in the female. The major land use types of all naturalised and non-naturalised Casuarina cunninghamiana populations in the Western Cape, South Africa. [6], The species has many common names including River Oak, River She-oak or Creek Oak. NZOR Identifier: f6f2020d-af4f-4aca-9a30-4b025be3f925. River Sheoak Casuarina cunninghamiana A tree for all reasons. Share. RIVER SHE OAK (Casuarina Cunninghamiana) I need some advise on milling, drying and processing of River she oak. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The wood is dark, close-grain, and nicely marked. Height: 12-25m, Width: 6-8m. The root extracts of the plant are used for dysentery, diarrhoea and stomach pain. A tall, fast growing evergreen tree, that is picturesque and conical in shape. [5], Casuarina cunninghamiana is an invasive species in the Everglades in Florida[7] and in South Africa. From Trees of Stanford and Environs , Ronald Bracewell S uperficially resembling pines because of their needle-like branchlets, the casuarinas also bear small cone-like fruit and form beds of dry needles resembling the mat under a pine tree. Uses: Slow growing native tree from the north and north east coast of the country. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Ken Fern, Useful for soil retention and erosion control. [4][6] The trunk is usually erect, with dense rough bark. Care should be taken to prevent the spread of these trees in South Florida. Flower and Foliage . Casuarina cunninghamiana (River She-Oak) Description . Male and female flowers are borne on separate trees. Common names Casuarina in Portuguese Casuarina-cavalinho in Portuguese Cunningham's beefwood in English Pin d'Australie in French Pinheiro-australiano in Portuguese beefwood in English casuarina in language. Common Names. Potentially, another invasive casuarina that will smother out native species. The native range in Australia extends from Daly River in the Northern Territory, north and east in Queensland and eastern New South Wales. Casuarina cunninghamiana trunk bark01 by Rickjpelleg (CC BY 2.5) Overview Beefwoods are widely used effectively as a screening plant in windy sites and is also suited to coastal areas, used for wind breaks or dune stabilization. Casuarina cunninghamiana. She-oaks Casuarina and Allocasuarina (various species) Habitat: High rainfall areas, along water courses Season: Winter - Spring (cones) Imagine chewing these needle-like leaves to quench your thirst ? This process depends on symbiotic bacteria that live in the plant’s root system. Introduced in southern Mediterranean, Japan, Ethiopia, South Africa, USA (Florida), Caribbean, South America (Ecuador, Venezuela), New Zealand The wood of some casuarina species is used in flooring, cabinet- making and other ornamental woodworking. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby Casuarina, from Malay Kasuari, from the fancied similarity of the foliage to the drooping feathers of Cassowary bird. It is often used as a wind break. Beneath the band, the teeth are a yellowish-green color. Some species of casuarina, such as river she-oak, grow along river and stream banks. Genetics [5] C. cunninghamiana is frost tolerant down to around −8 °C (18 °F) and is widely used effectively as a screening plant. In the Canberra region, people ate the leaves and young cones of Allocasuarina verticellata (previously known as Casuarina stricta). Wood. The native range in Australia extends from Daly River in the Northern Territory, north and east in Queensland and eastern New South Wales. In suitable climates, the plant is much used in windbreaks, shelterbelts and for land reclamation[269]. This helps maintain water quality for environmental and recreational purposes. Cunninghamiana, after Allan Cunningham (1791-1839), pioneering botanist, inland NSW. Attempts to saw and season casuarina for use as lumber have not been satisfactory (10). Richard Morris. River sheoak, beefwood Synonyms. Planted as a windbreak, superior to pine, in California. (Elfers, 1988). [4], Trees are usually found in sunny locations along stream banks and swampy areas. Special Uses. • Casuarina cristata Miq. Family. Casuarina glauca and Casuarina cunninghamiana grow near the coast, but they also flourish along roads in warm inland areas. Nitrogen fixation provides an additional nitrogen source for wider forest ecosystems. Casuarina cunninghamiana, Casuarina glauca More. Habitation refers to populations planted in farm yards and gardens, transformed land is dominated by invasive alien plants, pastoral land includes areas used for farming with domestic or wild animals, and wasteland refers to abandoned land, dumping sites, … Casuarina cunninghamiana. Casuarina cunninghamiana is the hardiest of the Casuarinas; it is found mostly in the central to northern regions of Florida where it has been known to survive temperatures as low as -8.8° C. C. cunninghamiana's poor tolerance of salt spray and salt water inundation limits distribution along beaches (Digiamberardino 1986). Casuarina cunninghamiana Name Homonyms Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. Plant Casuarina cunninghamiana in an area of full sun, with well drained soils. The wood dries rapidly and burns well. Its tendency to sucker makes it a good tree to plant along river banks or waterways. Another important use of C… The Casuarina cunninghamiana is a tree that, despite being quite similar to conifers, actually has nothing to do with them. Their roots help stabilise the banks, which reduces surface-water runoff, erosion and sedimentation. Casuarina cunninghamiana branchlets and fruits. Casuarin… This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil micro-organisms, these form nodules on the roots of the plants and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Neutral: On Nov 21, 2004, careyjane from Rabat, Morocco wrote: This is a pioneer species in the establishment of new plantation in arid areas. Notes. It is adaptable to a wide range of conditions and can be grown on poor sandy soil conditions. Casuarina cunninghamiana, commonly known as river oak or river she-oak, is a she-oak species of the genus Casuarina. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Name origin. Ajna Fern It is also used for screening and as an ornamental. The pinkish gray to pale chocolate wood is used for furniture flooring shingles tool handles and as firewood. The Western Australian she-oak (Allocasuarina fraseriana), for example, is used for making furniture and forest oak (A. torulosa) is used to make roof shingles. Foliage down to ground level. C. cunninghamiana has been introduced into several other countries for the purpose of agroforestry. Casuarina cunninghamiana is a tall, nitrogen fixing tree suitable for cultivation across a wide range of climates, extending from cool temperate areas to the seasonally dry tropics. Summary Nomenclature Taxon Concepts Subordinates Vernacular Applications Feedback. River Sheoak. [4] It's widely recognised as an important tree for stabilising riverbanks and for soil erosion prevention accepting wet and dry soils. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The timber is durable and useful for flooring. Casuarina bark has been used in tanning and medicine, and the fruits have been used for novelties and decorations (13). Genus. Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. Casuarina cunninghamiana subsp. cunninghamiana. Casuarina cunninghamiana (see pages 12–14 for more information about this species) Distribution Native to Australia, but of scattered distri-bution in the Pacific. Casuarina. The tips are grayish with an obvious transverse brown band about midway along the teeth. Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. (northeastern Australia: Queensland, New South Wales). equisetifolia and C. equisetifolia var. Habit & Growth rate: Casuarina cunninghamiana occurs across much of Eastern Australia from southern NSW to norther Queensland and inland for up to 400km, fringing freshwater rivers and streams. Occurs in: coastland, estuarine habitats, riparian zones, ruderal/disturbed. I've laid my hands on about 4000 cubic metres of standing river she oak windbreaks between citrus trees that are being replaced by … The diagram is from Wilson and Johnson (1989) and the pictures are of needles collected in Florida. 3. Potential positive economic uses for Casuarina equisetifolia include use as windbreaks, landscape trees, lumber, fuel wood, and several other minor uses. But it is also very decorative, and quite easy to care for . It is reported that seeds of several of the Casuarina species have been mislabelled and that this has contributed to some confusion over the identification of different species /hybrids etc. Reddish brown needle like branchlets with cylinder shaped cones. Twigs decoction is used against swelling and the powdered bark against pimples. There are two subspecies: C. equisetifolia var. Rainfall. C. cunninghamiana typically grows to 25 m with a 0.66 m dbh and 8-10 leaf scales per whorl. Food Forest Nitrogen Fixer Casuarina cunninghamiana, commonly known as river oak or river she-oak,[3] is a she-oak species of the genus Casuarina. Ethnobotany: C. cunninghamiana is planted in some areas for erosion control along streams and other watercourses. (river oak, river she-oak) is one of the largest species of the genus Casuarina, attaining a height of 20-35 m and diameter of 0.5- 1.5 m. ‘Me foliage consists of deciduous, jointed needle-like branchlets known as cladodes with reduced scale … Central, North, South Prohibited. Under cultivation it tolerates drought, seasonal water logging and slight to moderate salinty. with help from Maintenance . Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. • Typical species in inland areas include belah (Casuarina cristata), drooping she-oak (Allocasuarina verticillata), desert oak (A. decaisneana) and river she-oak (C. cunninghamiana). C. equisetifolia has been widely introduced into many tropical and subtropical countries because of its many uses. Top of page The habit of C. cunninghamiana makes it suitable for ornamental use, for shelterbelts providing wind protection for crops and animals, and for riverbank stabilization. Under cultivation it tolerates drought, seasonal waterlogging and slight to moderate salinity but requires protection from grazing animals during the establishment phase. Casuarina cunninghamiana. Casuarinaceae. It is useful on windy sites and is also suited to coastal areas. General information about Casuarina cunninghamiana (CSUCU) Australia, New Guinea. 550mm. [8], Revisio critica Casuarinarum: 56, t. VI A, "Biological control of Australian native Casuarina species in the USA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Casuarina_cunninghamiana&oldid=987802749, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 09:35. Casuarina cunninghamiana is an ideal tree for river banks, coastal, screening, urban plantings and is commonly used as a windbreak. In Egypt, it is an important species used to prevent sand from clogging irrigation channels ( El-Lakany, 1983a ) and is also suitable for sand dune stabilization ( Kosmer, 1975 ). Used for flooring, axe handles, firewood, poles etc[156, 269]. Note the four visible teeth at the node and their color and size. In South Africa, used for firewood, poles, reclamation, shelterbelts, timer, and windbreaks. • Although MVG 8 is dominated by species of Casuarina or Allocasuarina, species composition varies between geographic locations. Wood - dark, durable, closely grained, nicely marked, not as heavy as that of other members of this genus. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. (River sheoak), C. equisetifolia L. (Australian pine) and C. glauca Seiber (gray sheoak) hybridise with each other (Morton 1980, in Snyder 1992; all three pose a threat to the environment and are considered invasive in the USA (Flores 2008). creek-oak in English fire-oak in English web interface by Casuarinas can fix nitrogen, which is an essential nutrient for plant growth. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Also known as Australian Pine Tree, She Oak, Shingle Oak, Coastal She Oak and Horsetail Casuarina, Common Ru or Casuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen tree that grows up to 35 m in height with trunk diameter of up to 100 cm. [4][5], The River Oak is an evergreen tree with fine greyish green needle-like foliage that grows to a height of 10–35 m (33–115 ft) with a spread of about 10 metres (33 ft). Once established, Casuarina cunninghamiana is waterwise and can tolerate drought, frost, seasonal water logging and moderate salinity. The bark can be used as tanbark. From grazing animals during the establishment phase all naturalised and non-naturalised Casuarina (! You have any useful information about this plant, please consider, http: //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike! I, but they also flourish along roads in warm inland areas verticellata ( known..., nearly round to elongated and about 10 millimetres ( 0.39 in ) across all and. Cunninghamiana in an area of full sun, with well drained soils Casuarina. Pine, in California shelterbelts, timer, and windbreaks of Cassowary bird tree plant. 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